China: Mozambique, rich in hydrocarbons, a future military base for China?
Mozambique has a very long coastline along the Indian Ocean region and China enters Zambia and Zimbabwe through the Mozambique Channel. To gain access to these last landlocked countries where China has invested heavily in various projects, rail and road infrastructure are airlifted to Mozambique with the aim of transporting this equipment and materials eventually to and from these countries, according to African experts. .
Bearing in mind the importance of access, the Chinese Exim Bank funded US $ 300 million for a road construction project with a total value of US $ 315 million although the length of the road was of just over 74 km. “Maputo Ring Road” is considered one of the main national highways in Mozambique, with 6 bridges and 3 interchanges.
China promotes its construction companies in Africa and within this framework, major development projects are entrusted to Chinese companies and financed by Chinese banks. In this case, the financing of the Chinese Exim Bank was acquired entirely by the China Road and Bridge Corporation (CBRC).
Another Chinese high-tech company Maputo AFECC Gloria Hotel (Costa do Sol) has obtained the authorization of construction activities in collaboration with the Mozambican government and the AFECC group (Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Group, lda), a Chinese entity, Did we learn.
In this project, $ 300 million was invested for a 14-story tower heavily influenced by Chinese architecture, consisting of a high-tech conference center, game rooms and a supermarket exclusively for Chinese products. , according to experts who follow the Chinese presence in South-East Africa.
Likewise, Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Group (AFECC) also won a project worth 100 million yuan for the construction of the modern office building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Mozambique. This was supposed to house high-tech office complexes built in China, conference rooms and international facilities that serve as spy and surveillance centers for China, it has been learned.
Besides these construction activities, China is also developing Xai-Xai Chongoene Airport in Chongoene city, involving an investment of around $ 60 million. This project in Mozambique was also entrusted to a Chinese company, China Aviation International Construction and Investment Co Ltd. The company was also in charge of the construction of the terminals, the access road to the airport as well as the landscaping to the exterior part of the passenger terminal, such as the parking lot / gardens where the advertising and publicity efforts. marketing can be undertaken by Chinese entities.
China could simply build a military base in the country to meet Chinese military prospects while facilitating its economic control over the African continent.
Pradeep Mehta, general secretary of CUTS International (which has an extensive network in Africa through its locals) told ET: “Beijing seeking more naval bases in Africa shows its attempt to expand its strategic reach in the Indian Ocean and the African continent. By having a second naval base in Africa, China can be prepared for any eventuality in the Suez Canal and can have a prescription for the “Malacca dilemma” formulated by Hu Jintao. African countries should note that such bases can present great risks to them, such as crushing grass when two elephants are fighting.
To transport the precious titanium from Mozambique to mainland China, China plans to build ports and railroads in the area where a heavy sand processing plant is located in the Chibuto district, ET has learned. Chinese mining company Dingsheng has invested around $ 400 million in the project and plans to export at least two tons of titanium from the plant in the near future. Dingsheng International Investment Co. Ltd. is primarily a subsidiary of China Anhui Foreign Economic (Group) Co. Ltd., which has been entrusted with the responsibility for the construction, management and operation of the Manga-Mungassa Special Economic Zone in the suburb of Beira . , which is a bustling economic hub.
The area planned for the first phase is 217 hectares, which should be extended to 1,000 hectares by influencing the leadership of Mozambique. It is an investment of approximately US $ 500 million to build an economic and trade cooperation zone integrating processing and manufacturing, packaging and logistics.
In a bid to buy out Portuguese banks in Mozambique, China has also started buying Barclays Africa shares. [soon to be ABSA Group]. A Confucius Institute (CI) illustrating Chinese architecture has been built at the prestigious Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) in Mozambique.
Mozambique is the first African country to sign a cooperation and a global strategic partnership agreement with China and is a member of the Maritime Silk Road.
China wields enormous influence over Mozambique as the main bilateral creditor with $ 2.2 billion, a trend that applies to virtually the entire African continent.